Owm Reporter: International Desk, Sheria Zaman, Dhaka Office: Alltimenews.com:-To the informal observer, Catalonia seems like it has already were given a number of the trappings of a nation. Flags. A parliament. The chief, Carles Puigdemont.
The region has its very own police pressure, the Mossos d’Esquadra. It has its very own broadcast regulator, or even boasts a sequence of overseas “missions” – mini embassies that promote change and funding in Catalonia around the arena. Catalonia supplies some public offerings already – schools and healthcare, for example.
There’d be much extra to set up within the occasion of independence, although. Border manage. Customs. Proper global members of the family. Defence. A relevant financial institution. Inland sales. Air traffic manage.
All of those are currently run by means of Madrid.
But assuming it did create these new institutions – would it not be capable of pay for them?
“Madrid nos roba” is a famous secessionist slogan – “Madrid is robbing us.” The acquired knowledge is that relatively wealthy Catalonia can pay in greater than it gets out of the Spanish country.
Catalonia is absolutely rich as compared with different parts of Spain. It is domestic to just sixteen% of the Spanish populace, but 19% of its GDP and more than 1 / 4 of Spain’s overseas exports.
It punches above its weight in terms of tourism too – 18 million of Spain’s 75 million vacationers chose Catalonia as their primary destination closing yr, easily the most visited vicinity.
Tarragona has considered one of Europe’s biggest chemical hubs.
Barcelona is one of the EU’s top 20 ports with the aid of weight of products handled.
About a third of the operating populace has a few shape of tertiary training.
It’s also authentic that Catalans pay extra in taxes than is spent on their vicinity.
In 2014, the last 12 months the Spanish government has figures for, Catalans paid almost €10bn (£8.9bn) extra in taxes than reached their location in public spending. Would an impartial Catalonia get the difference returned?
Some have argued that although Catalonia gained a tax raise from independence, that could get swallowed up by way of having to create new public institutions and run them without the equal economies of scale.
And a few argue that it makes sense for the country to redistribute cash from richer to poorer areas in this manner.
A more difficult reckoning
Perhaps of more challenge is Catalonia’s public debt.
The Catalan authorities owes €77bn (£68bn) on the last depend, or 35.4% of Catalonia’s GDP. Of that, €52bn is owed to the Spanish authorities.
In 2012, the Spanish authorities set up a unique fund to offer coins to the regions, who were not able to borrow cash on the global markets after the financial crisis. Catalonia has been via a ways the largest beneficiary of this scheme, taking €67bn because it started.
Not most effective could Catalonia lose get entry to to that scheme, but it’d improve the question of ways tons debt Catalonia would be willing to pay off after independence.
That question might without a doubt solid a shadow over any negotiations. And on pinnacle of the sum owed by using the local authorities – could Madrid expect Barcelona to shoulder a share of the Spanish national debt?